Muscle Testing

During a session of muscle testing, the client is tested by carefully positioning the client to isolate certain movements and isolated muscles. Once a weakness is identified, the muscle or movement is activated by repetitive isometric contractions until the muscle...

Muscle Testing

During a session of muscle testing, the client is tested by carefully positioning the client to isolate certain movements and isolated muscles. Once a weakness is identified, the muscle or movement is activated by repetitive isometric contractions until the muscle...

pronation and supination

Pronation refers to the movements of eversion, dorsiflexion and abduction as illustrated below. Supination refers to the movements of inversion, plantar flexion and adduction as illustrated below. It has been noted(1) that those with increased hip ROM have more...

Serratus anterior

Weakness in the serratus anterior is the common denominator in those with impingement syndrome and should be the first muscle to assess in those with shoulder problems. It's function is to upwardly rotate and abduct the scapula. Scapula winging may be apparent for...

Exercises for a Disc bulge

A disc bulge is thought to be the leading cause of sciatica in which the nerve root is pinched by the disc, especially in flexion. High intensity Physical therapy is very effective at reducing pain. There is no difference between home exercises and supervised exercise...